Alkane Naming Worksheet Condensed Structural Formula

Atomic Structure. The additional branches are shown with explicit bonds. inc condensed or Download Alkane Naming Worksheet With Answers PDF May 2nd, 2019 - naming and drawing organic compounds worksheet answers naming alkenes worksheet 2 draw the structural formula naming naming alkanes chemguide answers naming organic compounds 1 1 naming naming. General formula for alkanes is CnH2n+2; general formula for alkenes in the case of a non-cyclic compound is CnH2n while the general formula for alkynes in the case of a non-cyclic compound is CnH2n-2. The structural formula of pentane, for example, contains three CH 2 (methylene) groups in the middle of the chain. IUPAC Naming Branched-Chain Alkanes Chemistry Tutorial Key Concepts. Alkane Quiz Select the name of the Alkane 2-methylbutane 2-methylpentane 2-methylpropane 2,2-dimethylbutane 2,2-dimethylpentane 2,2-dimethylpropane 2,3-dimethylbutane 2,3-dimethylpentane 3-methylpentane butane cyclohexane cyclopentane ethane hexane methane pentane propane. Alkanes (Alkyl Halides) – Worksheet #2 Directions: Name the following molecules OR write the full structure formula. Alkanes have the formula C xH 2x+2 and end with the suffix “ane. All _____ contain benzene rings as part of their structure. CH3-CH2-CH3. Alkanes are much more stable than alkenes because of the presence of the C=C double bond. The general formula for rings is C n H 2n. JAGGED LINE FORMULA WORKSHEET 1. Thus, the six-membered cycloalkane is called cyclohexane. docx, 18 KB. Create structural formulas for organic molecules based on a given name. Match each name in a-d with the correct structure in e-h. Alkanes vary by the repeated unit CH 2, and have the general formula C nH 2n+2. doc Stoichiometry. Subatomic Particles Quiz. 1 Drawing Organic Structures Drawing two-dimensional, condensed, and bond-line structures of organic compounds 2. p and lower b. CH 3COOCH 2CH 2CH(CH 3)CH 3 or CH 3CO 2CH 2CH 2CH(CH 3)CH 3 b. They will tell you if your name, chemical formula and structural formula are correct. For a branched hydrocarbon, the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms gives the root name for the. All alkanes have the commone suffix -ane. Cyclohexane Chair Conformation. Instead of the usual format for chemical formulas in which each element symbol appears just once, a condensed formula is written to suggest the bonding in the molecule. The general formula of alkanes is C n H 2n, while those of alkenes is C n H 2n+2. Draw the Kekulé, condensed, and skeletal structure for the continuous chain alkane with the formula C. In other words, the name must be unique to the structure of the compound so that anyone can identify the structure that the name refers to. The general formula for an alkane is C n H 2n+2 where n is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. Transition Metals. Rule 2: Assign the suffix based on the type of carbon -carbon bonds. Symmetrical alkenes (like ethene or but-2-ene) are dealt with first. Chemical reactions of alkanes. IUPAC Naming Branched-Chain Alkanes Chemistry Tutorial Key Concepts. Name the condensed structures for the following: 1. Draw the line bond structural formula, the condensed structural formula, and the skeletal structural formula for 2-methyl-3-heptene. c-llî OH b. Answer: 30: Draw the Structural. IUPAC Naming Branched-Chain Alkanes Chemistry Tutorial Key Concepts. , but the style of molecular representation above would be described as an shortened, abbreviated or condensed structural formulae. Draw the structural formula for the following molecules. Including examples of straight chain alkanes presented in condensed molecular formula, structural formula, and line or skeletal structure. Butane exists in the form of two structural isomers. The condensed structural formula for Hexane is C6H14. Rule 3: Name each substituent. CH4 = methane, C2H6 = ethane, C3H8= propane The molecular formula of an alkane with more than three carbons can give more than one structure C4 (butane) = butane and isobutane C5 (pentane) = pentane, 2-methylbutane, and 2,2dimethylpropane Alkanes with Cs connected to no more than 2 other Cs are straight-chain or normal alkanes Alkanes. Likewise, given a IUPAC name, one should be able to write a structural. name each of the first ten straight-chain alkanes, given its molecular formula, Kekulé structure, condensed structure or shorthand structure. Rank the alkanes in order of stability from most stable to least. Carbon atoms can also form rings which result in the formation of cyclic alkane molecules with the general formula C n H 2n. two cycloalkanes 3. Give the IUPAC or common name for the following ethers and draw their structural formula a. 8), which you must also know. It only has simple C-H bonds throughout its whole structure. hand the practice out as a worksheet to be done. Molecular formula: Structural formula: Condensed structural formula: Skeletal formula (line diagram): 4. Answer: Cycloalkanes. The number of structural isomers increases very rapidly as the number of carbon atoms in an alkane increases. Naming alkanes alkenes and worksheets learny kids naming organic compounds alkanes naming alkanes worksheets lesson worksheets naming alkanes worksheet free. So in this situation, you take hex- for six, so this is hex-. Thus, the six-membered cycloalkane is called cyclohexane. 2 Classes and functional groups of organic compounds Class Functional Group Example of expanded structural formula Example of condensed IUPAC / Common name Alkane None H C H C H H H H CH3CH3 ethane Alkene CC C ethene (ethylene) H H C H H H2CCH2 Alkyne CC C CH HC CH ethyne (acetylene) Aromatic CC C C C C CC C C C. Convert each condensed structural formula to a jagged line formula. Alkane Nomenclature Rules (2. The simplest alkane is methane, which has a molecular formula CH 4. Let's start with an introduction to alkanes. Carbons in the middle of a chain are attached to two hydrogens. Cycloalkenes are named the same way that open chain chained alkenes are, with the exception that the numbering is started at one of the carbons of the double bond in order to keep the index numbers as small as possible. As with alkanes, IUPAC rules specify a systematic nomenclature for naming cycloalkanes. Chemistry 223 Oregon State University. Suggest the identity of the contents of each bottle, and give reasons for your explanation. Naming Pogil Naming Pogil. or a skeletal structure (4) The molecular formula of an alkanol is C n H 2n+2 O, while the often used C n H 2n+1 OH is, strictly speaking, not a molecular formula but a condensed structural formula. doc Worksheet-chapters-13-14. 2 Alkanes An introduction to alkanes 2. Rules for Naming Alkanes (Nomenclature) 1. doc Worksheet-Naming. doc third-9-week test. The butyl groups can also be primary, secondary and tertiary. Bromine reacts with 2-butene to form 2,3-dibromobutane. NOMENCLATURE WORKSHEET 7 Naming Hydrocarbons Petroleum or crude oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons, which are molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen. or complete structural diagrams. chem 108 Zoval. 3-methylpentane c. Chemists use condensed structural formulas to save space. Alkane Quiz Select the name of the Alkane 2-methylbutane 2-methylpentane 2-methylpropane 2,2-dimethylbutane 2,2-dimethylpentane 2,2-dimethylpropane 2,3-dimethylbutane 2,3-dimethylpentane 3-methylpentane butane cyclohexane cyclopentane ethane hexane methane pentane propane. ) CH3CH(CH3)CH2CHO. Organic Chemistry : Naming Alkanes (Straight Chain Alkanes) Worksheet : This chemistry activity asks students to name the basic alkanes (methane to decane), to draw their chemical Lewis structures, and to write out the condensed formula given the skeletal structure. hybridized carbon atoms. Interactive Chemistry Worksheets for Students Periodic table. Name the. Alkenes may have single or double bonds. The structures of alkanes and other organic molecules may also be represented in a less detailed manner by condensed structural formulas (or simply, condensed formulas). Question: Naming And Drawing Alkenes Worksheet And Key 1) Draw And Name The Cis And Trans Condensed Structure Of: Cis Condensed Structure: Trans Condensed Structure: 2. Earlier, most of the compounds with the same structural formula were known by different names depending on the regions where they were. or a skeletal structure (4) We are going to ignore the possibility of cyclic compounds here. butane 2­methylpropane 2. Answer the following. 2 Methylbutane is an organic alkane which is also known as Iso-pentyane, ethyldimethylmethane and Isoamylhydride. CH 3CH(CH 3)CHO f. a b Fujita, Shinsaku (2007). The name of the structure shown is : The name of the structure shown is : The name of the structure shown is : Q. butane 2methylpropane 2. The general formula is similar to both the molecular formula and the condensed structural formula. Suitable for KS3/KS4. Naming Organic Compounds Worksheet With Answers Pdf. General formula for a saturated hydrocarbon (alkanes): C n H 2n+2 Example of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes): C 2 H 2×1+2 Or C 1 H 4. Effects on acidity. Name period mr lawson s science page naming alkanes and isomers examples answers activities organic naming worksheet with answers mobi naming alkenes worksheet with. This means that there is only one possible structure for an alkane with molecular formula CH 4 (methane) and only one structure for an alkane with molecular formula C2H 6 (ethane). Each carbon atom is understood to be attached to enough hydrogen atoms to give each carbon atom four bonds. 2,2- dimethylhexane. Name the compound. 1 Structural and Condensed forms for Butane Structural Condensed H CC CC H HH HH H H H H CH 3CH 2CH 2CH 3 Naming Alkanes Organic compounds (including alkanes) are generally named using the I. Many alkanes are so-called branched alkanes. Using the organic acid from #12 and the alcohol used in #9, draw the structural formula and give the IUPAC name of the ester that would be formed. A straight-chain and a branched-chain alkane can have the same molecular formula. All alkane-based groups are named by taking their alkane name and changing the –ane ending to –yl. Cycloalkanes are named by adding the prefix cyclo to the name of the alkane. The General Formula of the alkane is C n H 2n+2. butane 2methylpropane 2. View Homework Help - Chapter 03 homework (1). does a complete structural formula differ from a condensed structural formula? - ShovJ5 OJI ahvß - 4qovJ6 clubkrA If isomers of an alkane have the same molecular formula, how do they differ? Why does a 4 carbon linear alkane, butane C4H10, haye two more hydrogens atoms than a 4 carbon cyclic alkane, cyclobutane, C4H8. The isomers of butane 10. Naming Alkenes Worksheet #2. Intro Lesson Organic chemistry - Introduction. In this section, the class of alkanes is the subject and the ending (rest of the name) will be -ane. Introduction to Organic Nomenclature and Functional Groups Chapter Outline 2. 38E-010 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): Junge-Pankow model : 8. have two hydrogen atoms fewer than the open chain. Remember the following: Carbons on the end of a chain are attached to three hydrogens. Alkene Chemical Formula Structural Formula Ethene C 2 H 4 Propene C 3 H 6 Butene C 4 H 8 Pentene Hexene 1. Branched alkanes differ from continuous-chain alkanes in that carbon chains substitute for a …. doc Worksheet-chapters-13-14. Naming alkanes alkenes and worksheets learny kids naming organic compounds alkanes naming alkanes worksheets lesson worksheets naming alkanes worksheet free. Interactive Chemistry Worksheets for Students Periodic table. This chemical formula will stand true for all saturated hydrocarbons. Line bond structure:. The steps of naming Alkene is similar to the steps of naming Alkane except some rules; Here are rules to name Alkenes Rule 1. The ultimate condensed formula is a line-angle formula An organic chemical formula in which carbon atoms are implied at the corners and ends of lines. Please try again later. If a double bond is present, change the "ane" ending of the parent hydrocarbon to "ene" Rule 3. In all other aldehydes, the carbonyl group is bonded to one hydrogen and one carbon group. 00 (Adapted Stein & Brown method) Melting Pt (deg C): -90. The following is a list of straight-chain and branched alkanes and their common names, sorted by number of carbon atoms. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3 2. Match each name in a­d with the correct structure in e­h. The three simplest families of hydrocarbons are known as the alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. Draw the structural formula and write the IUPAC name for each of the chloromethanes. Write the names of the following alkanes:. Contents • Naming • Functional Groups • Formulae – types of • Isomerism – types of • Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes (in brief – Level 2 recap) • Physical Properties & Reactions of alkanes and alkenes. All alkane-based groups are named by taking their alkane name and changing the –ane ending to –yl. ^ "Paraffins - Rosetta Code". ; A condensed structure shows all atoms, but it omits the vertical bonds and most or all of the horizontal single bonds. (Remember that the side groups are shown in brackets after the carbon atom to which they are attached). 2-cyclobutylpentane What Is Required? You must draw the condensed structural formula of the compound. Cycloalkenes are alkenes that consist of three or more carbon atoms linked together with at least one carbon-carbon double bond to form a structural ring (hence the prefix 'cyclo-') as shown below. The IUPAC nomenclature system is a set of logical rules devised and used by organic chemists to circumvent problems caused by arbitrary nomenclature. Alkanes are the most stable hydrocarbons as the carbon bonds are difficult to break. The chemical element is a hydrocarbon that is an alkane with six carbon atoms. 21 understand how to draw the structural and displayed formulae for alkanes with up to five carbon atoms in the molecule, and to name the unbranched-chain isomers 4. Draw the condensed straightchain structures for heptane and nonane. Alkanes, alkenes & alkynes. chem 108 Zoval. A famous example of a bicyclic compound is norbornane (see image below). name each of the first ten straight-chain alkanes, given its molecular formula, Kekulé structure, condensed structure or shorthand structure. It is a relatively safe solvent. A single chemical compound can have several acceptable systematic names and the systematic method of naming organic chemical compounds is called IUPAC Nomenclature but no two compounds can have the same. ; For example, both ethanol and dimethyl ether have the molecular formula #"C"_2"H"_6"O"#. This means that there are two or more different structural formulae that you can draw for each molecular formula. Naming an organic compound requires several steps. Likewise, given a IUPAC name, one should be able to write a structural. This means that there is only one possible structure for an alkane with molecular formula CH 4 (methane) and only one structure for an alkane with molecular formula C2H 6 (ethane). Structural formula of CH 4 (Methane) Name a compound which will give acetylene gas when treated with water. Rules for Naming Alkanes (Nomenclature) 1. 5 CYCLOALKANES AND SKELETAL STRUCTURES Some alkane contain carbon chains in closed loops, or rings; these are called cycloalkanes. Another is the condensed structural formula, this shows the connections in around about manner. Longer chain alkanes are well known, and their names may be found in many reference and text books. Chemistry 223 Oregon State University. Alkanes are the first group of organic compounds. C system, which stands for International Union of Pure and Applied. Covalent compounds. Hexane C6 H14. Determine the name of the parent compound, the longest continuous carbon chain containing the -OH group. Main Menu Naming branched-chain alkanes Start by naming the longest chain Add extras to say the size of a branch, its position and how many of that branch Branch Size: 1 carbon: methyl- 2 carbons: ethyl- 3 carbons: propyl- Position: Number the carbons in the longest chain Choose numbers to minimise the total numbers used Number of same branches. They are of the kind in which a question is asked such as, "Draw as many of the structural isomers of the formula C X H Y as you can. It has a molecular formula of C18_{18}18​H21_{21}21​NO3_33​. It is a colorless, flammable liquid, occurring primarily in the component of the petroleum distillate fraction commonly called kerosene, which is used as a heating, tractor, and jet fuel. In this alkanes worksheet, students complete a table with the chemical formula, the structural formula and the condensed formula of various alkanes given different numbers of carbon atoms. B) Draw an energy diagram that illustrates the combustion data for the three compounds. Simple compounds. Naming alkanes alkenes and worksheets learny kids naming organic compounds alkanes naming alkanes worksheets lesson worksheets naming alkanes worksheet free. Draw the structural formula and write the condensed molecular formula for a. propyl alcohol + H2S04 b. The skeletal equation shows all covalent bonds, and all atoms except hydrogen. CH 4 Meth ane CH 4 2. Thus, the structural formula is The formula can be written more concisely as CH 3 CH(CH 3)CH(C 2 H 5)CH 2 CH 3. Cycloalkanes are named by adding the prefix cyclo to the name of the alkane. Concept Introduction: Condensed structural formula is representation of the organic compound. Please follow my store by clic. Naming Worksheets Chemistry Worksheets Naming Compounds. explain the difference in structure between a straight- and a branched-chain alkane, and illustrate the difference using a suitable example. Naming Organic Compounds Worksheet With Answers Pdf. ; A condensed structure shows all atoms, but it omits the vertical bonds and most or all of the horizontal single bonds. C system, which stands for International Union of Pure and Applied. For example, there are three structural iso-. ethoxybutane c. Topics Covered: Chiral vs. en tells you that there is a carbon-carbon double bond. 1-Pentanol, (or n-pentanol, pentan-1-ol), is an alcohol with five carbon atoms and the molecular. The formula for a saturated hydrocarbon is (1) C6H6 (3) C6H12 (2) C6H10 (4) C6H14 47. Line bond structure:. You also need to be able to recognize and name a few organic compounds, such as simple alkanes and alcohols (see sec. Example n=5, so H= (2 (5) +2)=12. CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 Prop ane C 3H 8 4. CaC 2; (calcium carbide) Define the term 'catenation'. Take a look at the following examples. Retrieved 29 March 2019. 21 understand how to draw the structural and displayed formulae for alkanes with up to five carbon atoms in the molecule, and to name the unbranched-chain isomers 4. We can collect these groups together and write the structural for-mula as CH 3(CH 2) 3CH 3. doc Worksheet-Naming. Structural formulas show the connections between atoms based on their abilities to form covalent bonds. 3 Draw a molecule of ethene, and draw the structure of polyethene. Alkenes are compounds that consist of carbons and hydrogens bonded together with a carbon-carbon double bond. Condensed structural formula: Skeletal formula: 5. The numbering is assigned such that the -OH group gets the lowest possible number. Fill in the full structure, including attached hydrogens and attached lone pairs, for the following line-angle structures. Example 3: Name the following compounds. It also reacts with 3-methyl-2-pentene to form 2,3-dibromopentane. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3 2. Another is the condensed structural formula, this shows the connections in around about manner. Naming Worksheets Chemistry Worksheets Naming Compounds. PRACTICE EXERCISE. chem 108 Zoval. Line bond structure: Condensed structure: Skeletal formula: 4. Once you have drawn the valence structure or 2-dimensional structural formula you can use this to draw a condensed (semi) structural formula. Alkanes are named by the number of _____ in their _____. A structural formula shows all the carbon and hydrogen atoms and the bonds attaching them. Draw the line bond structural formula, the condensed structural formula, and the skeletal structural formula for 2-methyl-3-heptene. Naming Alkenes Worksheet #2. Alkanes all have the general molecular formula of CnH2n plus 2, where n is the number of carbons that are in your molecule. Draw the structural formula and write the IUPAC name for each of the chloromethanes. Here n is the number of atoms of carbon in their chemical structure. 2) Replace 'ane' with 'anoic acid'. Video transcript. It is an unambiguous. This feature is not available right now. Naming Alkanes. Number of Isomers of Alkanes Number of C Atoms Possible Isomers 1-3 1 4 2 5 3 6 5 7 9 8 18 9 35 10 75 15 4,347 20 366,319. Write condensed chemical formulas to represent the Lewis structures in parts a through j of problem 1. The name of the cation and the anion are two separate words (example: NaCl. This quiz is incomplete! To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Sroichiometry-worksheet-2. Carbons in the middle of a chain are attached to two hydrogens. Naming an organic compound requires several steps. Binary Ionic Compound Naming When naming binary (two elements) ionic compounds, always write the name of the cation first. Therefore, alkane A has the parent name of “nonane”. Naming is based on the presence of double or triple bonds, the length. Before you answer the puzzles below fill in the table of alkanes: name molecular formula structural formula displayed formula. It really isn’t that rough of a subject if you put the time in. Draw the condensed structural formula of each of the following molecules: 2,4-dimethylpentane. condensed structural formula c. Naming Alkanes. Name the condensed structures for the following: 1. The line formula, a carbon atom is understood to be at every intersection of lines and hydrogen atoms are filled mentally. About this resource. Contents • Naming • Functional Groups • Formulae – types of • Isomerism – types of • Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes (in brief – Level 2 recap) • Physical Properties & Reactions of alkanes and alkenes. If a double bond is present, change the "ane" ending of the parent hydrocarbon to "ene" Rule 3. Video includes a number of practice problems for recognition of line structure, condensed formula, and structural formulas. Alkanes all have the general molecular formula of CnH2n plus 2, where n is the number of carbons that are in your molecule. So accordingly the number of hydrogen atoms is 2n+2. The first four alkanes are methane (CH 4 ), ethane (C 2H 6 ), propane (C 3H 8 ) and butane (C 4H 10 ). Which of the following is the condensed formula. The naming of all organic molecules is based on the naming system for alkanes. That means that the carbon skeleton looks like this: Putting in the hydrogens gives you: Example 2: Write the structural formula for but-1-ene. Naming alkanes with ethyl groups. The general formula for rings is C n H 2n. Objective: Today I will be able to: Differentiate between organic and inorganic compounds Differentiate between alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and cyclic hydrocarbons Determine the molecular and structural formula of a compound Evaluation/Assessment: Informal assessment: monitoring student interactions as they complete the activity Formal assessment: analyzing student responses to the activity. The IUPAC nomenclature system is a set of logical rules devised and used by organic chemists to circumvent problems caused by arbitrary nomenclature. Na+ is the cation; it keeps its name of sodium. [graphic 2. The names of organic compounds are based on the names of the alkane family. Naming Pogil Naming Pogil. Naming Alkanes (7 Favorites should know the different types of chemical structures (condensed, line, etc. The compound’s name is 2-methylpropane. Simple compounds. Condensed structural formulas show the order of atoms like a structural formula but are written in a single line to save space and make it more convenient and faster to write out. The names 3-methylhexane and 4-ethyl-3-methyloctane for the alkanes shown here are based on these rules. explain the difference in structure between a straight- and a branched-chain alkane, and illustrate the difference using a suitable example. The functional group is written as it would be in the condensed structural formula (to make it more obvious), while the rest of the atoms in the compound are written in the same style as the molecular formula. Condensed structural formula for the given alkane has to be written. Homologous Series - Did you notice that as you. A straight-chain and a branched-chain alkane can have the same molecular formula. 29 (Mean or Weighted MP) VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 52. The names of alkanes containing up to twelve carbon atoms per chain are as follows:. About This Quiz & Worksheet. It also reacts with 3-methyl-2-pentene to form 2,3-dibromopentane. Naming Worksheets Chemistry Worksheets Naming Compounds. Alkenes are compounds that consist of carbons and hydrogens bonded together with a carbon-carbon double bond. Name period mr lawson s science page naming alkanes worksheet 1 quia naming alkanes worksheet 1 naming alkanes worksheet 1 ms popov naming alkanes worksheet 1 answers. It is named using the same stem as the alkane having the same number of carbon atoms but ends in -ene to identify it as an alkene. An alkyl group is formed by removing one hydrogen from the alkane chain and is described by the formula C n H 2n +1. chem 108 Zoval. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 3-octanol e. As a result, intermolecular forces of attraction are stronger. CH 4 Meth ane CH 4 2. does a complete structural formula differ from a condensed structural formula? - ShovJ5 OJI ahvß - 4qovJ6 clubkrA If isomers of an alkane have the same molecular formula, how do they differ? Why does a 4 carbon linear alkane, butane C4H10, haye two more hydrogens atoms than a 4 carbon cyclic alkane, cyclobutane, C4H8. Provide the chemical formula, the hydrocarbon’s name and draw its structural formula in the space below. Draw the structural formula and write the condensed molecular formula for a. Thus both condensed structural formulas represent the same molecule and are. Section 13. Homework: Finish the Straight Chain Alkane practice at the end of the notes. H H H H H H H H H H H H H-C-C-C-C-H H-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-H H H H H H H H H H H H H Name the molecular formula for the following: 1. Naming alkanes, cycloalkanes, and bicyclic compounds. Alkanes can be described by the general formula C n H 2n +2. The crossword puzzle clues contain interesting facts about each alkane. Draw the condensed structural formula for the following alkanes: 3-ethyl-2,3-dimethylhexane 5-tert-butyl-3,4,6-trimethylnonane Nomenclature of Branched -Chain Alkanes. Naming alkanes alkenes and worksheets learny kids naming organic compounds alkanes naming alkanes worksheets lesson worksheets naming alkanes worksheet free. You draw in the structural formulas. Interactive Chemistry Worksheets for Students Periodic table. The system is similar to that of alkanes but with a few subtleties. 1-Pentanol, (or n-pentanol, pentan-1-ol), is an alcohol with five carbon atoms and the molecular. Draw the condensed structural formulas of all. naming and drawing alkenes worksheet and key draw and name the cis and trans condensed structure of: cis condensed structure: trans condensed structure. What is the general formula for the members of the alkane series? (1) CnH2n (3) CnH2n-2 (2) CnH2n+2 (4) CnH2n-6 48. It is an unambiguous. Draw the structural formula for each of the following: 2-ethyl-1-pentene 2,3-dimethyl-1-butene 2,3,4 – trimethyl-1-hexene 2-ethyl-3,4-dimethyl-2-pentene CH30S. Draw the line bond structures of following types of hydrocarbons using four carbon atoms: a. rosettacode. Branched alkanes differ from continuous-chain alkanes in that carbon chains substitute for a …. chem 108 Zoval. 1-120 + H2S04. Discuss the uses and benefits of using different chemical formulae methods. Draw the structural formula and line angle formula for the following molecules. When naming the alkenes, we use the suffix “ene” instead of “ane” at the end of the name of an alkane. The formal name for norbornane is bicyclo[2. Use the formula C n H n+2 to determine the formula, and add the suffix "-ane" to the prefixes to obtain the names. Intro Lesson Organic chemistry - Introduction. Alkenes are unsaturated form of hydrocarbons that are formed by double bonding between the carbon atoms. The unique properties of carbon, Alkanes, Alkenes, Hydrocarbon structure and isomerism, Chemical reactions of the alkanes, Chemical reactions of the alkenes, Alcohols, The reactions of ethanol, Organic acids and esters. Line-Angle The line-angle structural formula shows a zigzag line made of 4 segments forming 3 angles. How do we name alcohols? How do we name ethers? Examples of acceptable names, displayed formula of alcohols and ether molecules via graphic formula, molecular formula, skeletal formula, structural formula of these homologous series of aliphatic alcohols (alkanols) including isomers of molecular formula up to C2H6O C3H8O C4H10O C5H12O C6H14O C7H16O, lower ETHER (alkoxyalkanes) functional group. Molecules can contain both double or triple bonds and other functional groups (e. CH3-CH2-CH3. Knowing these rules and given a structural formula, one should be able to write a unique name for every distinct compound. doc Worksheet-chapters-13-14. 3-ethyl-5-isopropyloctane C H-B— CHz— — — 40. The chemical structure of this molecule is as follows: H 2 C = CH 2. Objective: Today I will be able to: Differentiate between organic and inorganic compounds Differentiate between alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and cyclic hydrocarbons Determine the molecular and structural formula of a compound Evaluation/Assessment: Informal assessment: monitoring student interactions as they complete the activity Formal assessment: analyzing student responses to the activity. The general formula for alkanes is C n H 2n+2. IUPAC Naming Branched-Chain Alkanes Chemistry Tutorial Key Concepts. Here is a list of the first 10 alkanes. Topics for the quiz include interpreting a condensed structural formula and a correct skeletal. Write all the possible structural isomers of the following compounds, drawing only the carbon skeletons. Answer the following. Covalent compounds. Condensed structural formula: to represent this model, the hydrogen atoms are grouped with their carbon atom. For cyclic alkanes, carbon must still have four bonds, hence each carbon is attached to two others and two hydrogens are groups may be attached to each carbon (structure on the right). Alkanes have the general chemical formula C n H 2n+2. Naming Alkanes. Alkenes are unsaturated form of hydrocarbons that are formed by double bonding between the carbon atoms. ethane CH3─CH3 B. Skills: classify an organic compound based on its structural or condensed formula Draw a structural formula with a functional group(s) on a straight chain hydrocarbon backbone when given the correct IUPAC name for the compound Schedule: Lab Activity: 45 minutes Cooperative learning activity- two 45 minute periods. The system is similar to that of alkanes but with a few subtleties. Name Condensed Structural Formula Structural Formula methyl CH 3 - ethyl CH 3 CH 2 - propyl CH 3 CH 2 CH2- isopropyl CH3CHCH3 butyl CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 -. •A structural formula indicates the number and types of atoms present in a molecule and also shows the bonding arrangement of the atoms. Acids, bases and salts. 2A) The following rules illustrate the basic principles for naming simple branched alkanes. p and lower b. Alkyl groups are formed by removing one hydrogen from the corresponding alkane and are named based on this alkane by simply changing the ending from -ane to -yl. unbranched) configuration then the number of carbon atoms is. Naming compounds. About This Quiz & Worksheet. A common "ane" suffix identifies these compounds as alkanes. They answer three questions about valence. Main Menu Naming branched-chain alkanes Start by naming the longest chain Add extras to say the size of a branch, its position and how many of that branch Branch Size: 1 carbon: methyl- 2 carbons: ethyl- 3 carbons: propyl- Position: Number the carbons in the longest chain Choose numbers to minimise the total numbers used Number of same branches. Given IUPAC systematic names of alkenes, alkynes and substituted benzenes write their structural formulas. An alkane can be recognized by its general formula, CnH2n+2, where n is the number of carbon atoms in the compound. Provide the IUPAC name for each alkane and. Rule 1: Find the longest continuous C -chain and assign the root name. Alkanes(and(Alkenes(Worksheet(How can we distinguish between alkanes and alkenes? Aim: To work out the best way to distinguish alkanes from alkenes. Acids have their own set of naming rules (cf. Alkanes are part of a more general category of compounds known as hydrocarbons. For example, the 1 carbon alkane will be named: meth- plus the ending -ane = methane. Naming Organic Compounds Series: Video 2 This naming tutorial video takes you through the basics of applying the puzzle pieces ‘first name’ and ‘last name’ when it comes to naming a straight-chain or simple alkane. You must know the first ten alkanes and their names as they are in the basis of naming and understanding the structure of any other functional groups. Alkanes all have the general molecular formula of CnH2n plus 2, where n is the number of carbons that are in your molecule. Topics Covered: Constitutional isomers. The numbering is assigned such that the -OH group gets the lowest possible number. EXERCISE: Write out the formal names for each of the hydrocarbons having these formulas. In this formula, substitute [a. An alkane can be recognized by its general formula, CnH2n+2, where n is the number of carbon atoms in the compound. Title: Microsoft Word - Practice Problems on Alkane Nomenclature. Homework: Finish the Straight Chain Alkane practice at the end of the notes. Create structural formulas for organic molecules based on a given name. General formula for alkanes is CnH2n+2; general formula for alkenes in the case of a non-cyclic compound is CnH2n while the general formula for alkynes in the case of a non-cyclic compound is CnH2n-2. (Remember that the side groups are shown in brackets after the carbon atom to which they are attached). The alkane that contains three carbon atoms is known as propane, which has the formula C 3 H 8 and the following skeleton structure. W: Write the structural formulae of different isomers of C 6 H 14. doc Types of Chemical Reactions. The principle of homology allows us to write a general formula for alkanes: C n H 2 n + 2. Draw the condensed structural formula for the following alkane. Give the molecular formula, the line bond structural formula, the condensed structural formula, and the skeletal formula for 4-ethyl-2,3-dimethylheptane. Alkenes have the formula C n H 2n and alkynes use the formula C n H 2n-2. It is an extremely flammable compound found in liquid and vapor form. What is a branched-chain alkane?_____ 19. If a double bond is present, change the "ane" ending of the parent hydrocarbon to "ene" Rule 3. An alkyl group is formed by removing one hydrogen from the alkane chain and is described by the formula C n H 2n +1. Nonane is a linear alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C 9 H 20. A substituent can take the place of a hydrogen atom on a parent hydrocarbon molecule. The organic compound represented by the condensed structural formula CH3CH2C HO classified as an H 8. Name Structure alcohol R - OH carboxylic acid aldehyde ketone amine Naming Alcohols (-OH group) = -ol ending. 2,5-dibromoheptane. Match each name in a­d with the correct structure in e­h. Alkenes may have single or double bonds. ^ "Paraffins - Rosetta Code". Hexane is used as a part of gasoline. Alkane = CH2+ Condensed Structural Formula = CH3(CH2)CH Straight Chain Akanes arent Straight” C-C bonds are sp3 hybridized Butane, C4H10 becane, C10H22 Rules for Naming Alkanes (Nomenclature) 1. Organic formulae 1. Alkenes are unsaturated form of hydrocarbons that are formed by double bonding between the carbon atoms. Naming Organic Compounds Worksheet With Answers Pdf. 1-Pentanol, (or n-pentanol, pentan-1-ol), is an alcohol with five carbon atoms and the molecular. The atoms in hydrocarbons are linked by single, double, or triple bonds. explain the difference in structure between a straight- and a branched-chain alkane, and illustrate the difference using a suitable example. In other words, the name must be unique to the structure of the compound so that anyone can identify the structure that the name refers to. CH 3CCH 2CH 3 _____ CH 3 CH 3 6. Topics Covered: Chiral vs. The alkane with the formula C4H10 is butane. Octane is a hydrocarbon and an alkane with the chemical formula C 8 H 18, and the condensed structural formula CH 3 (CH 2) 6 CH 3. This means that there is only one possible structure for an alkane with molecular formula CH 4 (methane) and only one structure for an alkane with molecular formula C2H 6 (ethane). They answer three questions about valence. This can happen in both organic and inorganic compounds, but generally occurs in organic reactions. Naming Alkenes Worksheet #2 Draw the structural formula for each of the following: 2-ethyl-1-pentene 2,3-dimethyl-1-butene 2,3,4 - trimethyl-1-hexene. Name the following branched alkanes: Drawing Alkanes - Worksheet #2. The following is a list of straight-chain and branched alkanes and their common names, sorted by number of carbon atoms. Here is a list of the first 10 alkanes. doc Stoichiometry. Simple compounds. The longest continuous chain of C atoms in the branched alkane is the. Key Questions 8. Gases Examples Chemical Properties Examples. Thus, the structural formula is The formula can be written more concisely as CH 3 CH(CH 3)CH(C 2 H 5)CH 2 CH 3. Molecules can contain both double or triple bonds and other functional groups (e. Introduction: The goal in this laboratory experience is for you to easily and quickly move between empirical formulas, molecular formulas, condensed formulas, Lewis structural formulas and three dimensional models of relatively simple organic compounds. Name this alkane. Naming an organic compound requires several steps. Alkanes are much more stable than alkenes because of the presence of the C=C double bond. Name the compound. Draw the line bond structures of following types of hydrocarbons using four carbon atoms: a. Alkanes can exist in straight chains, chains with branching, and cycles. Name the following alkenes (include cis- or trans- for the alkenes that when appropriate) a) Name: _____ b). The organic compound represented by the condensed structural formula CH3CH2CH2CHO is classified as an A) 1 B)2 C) 3 D) 4. The additional branches are shown with explicit bonds. The middle carbon atom is bonded to the three outer carbon atoms and one hydrogen atom. For cyclic alkanes, carbon must still have four bonds, hence each carbon is attached to two others and two hydrogens are groups may be attached to each carbon (structure on the right). It is named using the same stem as the alkane having the same number of carbon atoms but ends in -ene to identify it as an alkene. CH 3 CH 3 (ethane), CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 or CH 3 (CH 2) 3 CH 3 pentane. name each of the first ten straight-chain alkanes, given its molecular formula, Kekulé structure, condensed structure or shorthand structure. Naming an organic compound requires several steps. (1) For nomenclature purposes, all compounds containing carbon are said to be organic. Draw the condensed structural formula and the line-bond structure of a structural isomer of the molecule you drew in part a. Here are some basic rules for naming alkenes from the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC): The longest chain of carbon atoms containing the double bond is considered the parent chain. Number the Carbons and identify the location of the branch - In this step, the branch should have smaller number Step 5. - All alkanes with four carbons are butanes, those with five carbons are pentanes, etc. The names in bold are the preferred IUPAC ketone name. The carbon atom in an alkane has four sp 3 hybridized and. It does not have any functional group, hence alkanes are quite inert in nature. 3,4-dimethyl-1-cylcohexene. Video includes several practice problems for recognition of line structure, condensed formula, and structural formulas. These are organic molecules that consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms in a tree-shaped structure (acyclic or not a ring). CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3 Name the molecular formula for the following: 1. Provide the chemical formula, the hydrocarbon’s name and draw its structural formula in the space below. CH 4 Meth ane CH 4 2. Reflection: ChemSketch Molecular Modelling Activity. Draw all of the possible structure of following types of hydrocarbons using 4 carbon atoms: a. The General Formula of the alkane is C n H 2n+2. Line bond structure:. Alkane Nomenclature Rules (2. Draw the condensed structural formulas of all eight isomers. Name period mr lawson s science page naming alkanes worksheet 1 quia naming alkanes worksheet 1 naming alkanes worksheet 1 ms popov naming alkanes worksheet 1 answers. Condensed structural formula: CH 3 (CH 2) 6 CH 3 Abbreviated planar formula: 3. This means that there is only one possible structure for an alkane with molecular formula CH 4 (methane) and only one structure for an alkane with molecular formula C2H 6 (ethane). The following table gives some data about the first ten members of the alkane homologous series. For cyclic alkanes, carbon must still have four bonds, hence each carbon is attached to two others and two hydrogens are groups may be attached to each carbon (structure on the right). Distinguish between a straight or continuous chain and a branched chain. Note: You need not worry about the names of these organic compounds now. It is also possible to write the higher members of alkanes using the same principles applied as above. Worksheet: Properties of Alkenes Download. For example, if you have one carbon in your molecule you plug one into your formula there, and you would get C1, and you would get 1 times 2 plus 2, which is of course 4, so CH4. Video includes a number of practice problems for recognition of line structure, condensed formula, and structural formulas. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3 2. explain the difference in structure between a straight- and a branched-chain alkane, and illustrate the difference using a suitable example. In other words, the name must be unique to the structure of the compound so that anyone can identify the structure that the name refers to. Three carbons are to be added as three methyl group. Alkanes are of great importance to the different classification systems and the naming of organic compounds because they consist of a carbon chain that forms the main structural unit of all organic substances. Video 3 - Naming Branched Chain Alkanes. Although the part of the ester from the alcohol (ethyl) is on the right, and the part from the carboxylic acid (butan-) is on the left in Figure 4. Contents • Naming • Functional Groups • Formulae – types of • Isomerism – types of • Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes (in brief – Level 2 recap) • Physical Properties & Reactions of alkanes and alkenes. Give the molecular formula, the structural formula, the condensed structural formula, and the. Alkanes are named by the number of _____ in their _____. It also introduces one degree of unsaturation. The general formula for alkanes is C n H 2n+2. Let us write structures for C4H10. doc Test-Oxygen and hydrogen. Newman Projections. - All alkanes with four carbons are butanes, those with five carbons are pentanes, etc. CH 3CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 3 _____ 2. W: Write the structural formulae of different isomers of C 6 H 14. Alkane Nomenclature Rules (2. Please try again later. Alkanes are chains of only carbon and hydrogen, connected only by SINGLE BONDS. Name the following branched alkanes: Naming Alkanes - Worksheet #2. The condensed structural formula on the left has a chain of four C atoms. Plan Your Strategy Act on Your Strategy Identify the root. The alkane that contains three carbon atoms is known as propane, which has the formula C 3 H 8 and the following skeleton structure. doc Worksheet Formula Writing. Problem: Draw the expanded structural formula for the following condensed formula. Naming Alkenes Worksheet #2 Draw the structural formula for each of the following: 2-ethyl-1-pentene 2,3-dimethyl-1-butene 2,3,4 - trimethyl-1-hexene. 3 CH 3 Draw the structural formula for the following organic compounds. Use the basic rules of I. The simplest alkene with one double bond is ethene. Reflection: ChemSketch Molecular Modelling Activity. Retrieved 29 March 2019. Provide the IUPAC name for each alkane and. Alkanes, alkenes & alkynes. Naming Organic Compounds Worksheet With Answers Pdf. Draw the structures for alkanes and substituted alkanes. Chem 350 Jasperse Ch. The compound’s name is 2-methylpropane. This quiz is incomplete! To play this quiz, please finish editing it. C3h4 Iupac Name. Video includes a number of practice problems for recognition of line structure, condensed formula, and structural formulas. We can collect these groups together and write the structural for-mula as CH 3(CH 2) 3CH 3. 51 , when naming the structure the part. Naming alkanes alkenes and worksheets learny kids naming organic compounds alkanes naming alkanes worksheets lesson worksheets naming alkanes worksheet free. Alkanes have the general chemical formula C n H 2n+2. Alkane is the simplest of all the homologous series. Naming Alkanes (7 Favorites should know the different types of chemical structures (condensed, line, etc. Alkane Answers. The isomers of butane 10. CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2Cl CH3 b. Give the molecular formula, the structural formula, the condensed structural formula, and the. Cycloalkanes are named by adding the prefix cyclo to the name of the alkane. Naming is based on the presence of double or triple bonds, the length. A hydrocarbon that has a ring of carbon atoms in its structure a. W: Write the structural formulae of different isomers of C 6 H 14. Convert each jagged line formula to a condensed structural formula. The general formula for alkanes is C n H 2n+2. ane (b-c bm-d D-65. Has four carbon atoms a. Name period mr lawson s science page naming alkanes worksheet 1 quia naming alkanes worksheet 1 naming alkanes worksheet 1 ms popov naming alkanes worksheet 1 answers. In the chemical formula and name, which element is given first, a metal or nonmetal? 9. Practice naming Alkanes and cycloalkanes and provide structures for compounds based on their systematic nomenclature. Video transcript. Write the names of the following alkanes:. The molecular formula, structural formula and condensed structural formula are to be represented for the alkane with 10 carbon atoms. Naming Organic Compounds Worksheet With Answers Pdf. Now, sadly, not all alkanes (simple organic compounds) are straight-chain alkanes. Follow the steps of naming Alkane Step 2. Write the molecular formula for each of these hydrocarbons without drawing condensed. 2 shows several ways to draw condensed structural formulas for butane. For cyclic alkanes, carbon must still have four bonds, hence each carbon is attached to two others and two hydrogens are groups may be attached to each carbon (structure on the right). ethane CH3─CH3 B. Draw the condensed straight-chain structures for heptane and nonane. Alkane Answers. The table is limited to the first two, because after that there are isomers which affect the names. All _____ contain benzene rings as part of their structure. EXERCISE: Write out the formal names for each of the hydrocarbons having these formulas. It will be very helpful to memorize all these groups and below is a general scheme to visualize how the names of these alkyl groups are derived:. two cycloalkanes 3. What is the general halogenation formula for a branched alkane? Name the following molecule:. EXPERIMENT 1: Survival Organic Chemistry: Molecular Models. Draw the condensed structural formula for 3,3,4-triethyl-4-methylhexane. explain the difference in structure between a straight- and a branched-chain alkane, and illustrate the difference using a suitable example. This is shown using the example of ethyl propanoate:. Match each name in a-d with the correct structure in e-h. that the IUPAC name of any compound conveys the structure of that compound to a person. There is also a condensed structural formula which does not show bonds except for double and triple bonds. Chemical suffixes. doc Worksheet-Chapter-13-Molarity. Compounds Examples.